AFAIK, Not currently - natively. You can extrapolate and sort the answers in a date range by exporting to excel, but not in the analytics within Forms
There is a uservoice here https://microsoftforms.uservoice.com/forums/386451-welcome-to-microsoft-forms-suggestion-box/suggest...
Which I would recommend voting on to push up the agenda
The alternative would be to use the exported excel with Power BI and analyse the responses in the given dates there
Hope that answers your question!