I have the Discounted Cash Flow Model Formula but have no clue how to enter it into Excel?

Copper Contributor

Can someone please help me with this? Thank you in advance for your help.

1 Reply


I can try to guide you through the process of entering a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model formula into Excel. The DCF model is commonly used for valuation and involves estimating the present value of future cash flows. Here is a step-by-step guide:

Let us assume you have the following elements in your DCF model:

  1. Cash Flows: A series of future cash flows (usually annual) that your investment is expected to generate. These cash flows may include revenues, expenses, taxes, etc.
  2. Discount Rate: The rate at which you will discount future cash flows to bring them to their present value. This is typically the required rate of return or cost of capital.
  3. Terminal Value: An estimate of the value of the investment at the end of the projection period (often calculated using the Gordon Growth Model or another method).

To calculate the DCF in Excel, follow these steps:

Step 1: Organize Your Data

Organize your data in an Excel worksheet. Typically, you will have a column for each year of projected cash flows, a row for each cash flow component, and separate rows for discount rate and terminal value. Your spreadsheet might look something like this:

Year     | Cash Flow Component 1 | Cash Flow Component 2 | ... | Discount Rate | Terminal Value
2023    | $X1                                      | $Y1                                    | ... | 10%                  | $Z
2024    | $X2                                      | $Y2                                    | ... |                      |
...       |                                             |                                            | ... |                      |


Step 2: Calculate Present Value for Each Cash Flow

In a cell where you want to calculate the present value of a specific cash flow, use the formula:

=CashFlow / (1 + DiscountRate)^Year

For example, if your cash flow for 2023 is in cell B2, your discount rate is in cell F2, and the year is in cell A2, the formula would be:

=B2 / (1 + $F$2)^A2

Copy this formula for each year and cash flow component to calculate the present value of each cash flow.

Step 3: Calculate the Present Value of Terminal Value

Use a similar formula to calculate the present value of the terminal value:

=TerminalValue / (1 + DiscountRate)^LastYear

Where LastYear is the last year in your projection.

Step 4: Sum the Present Values

In a cell, calculate the sum of all the present values (including the present value of the terminal value). This represents the estimated present value of your investment.


Make sure to replace "PresentValues" with the actual range or cells where you have calculated the present values.

And that's it! You have calculated the DCF model in Excel. The result of the sum in Step 4 represents your estimated valuation based on the DCF model. The text, steps and formulas was created with the help of AI.


My answers are voluntary and without guarantee!


Hope this will help you.


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