I've got the same issue on Dev channel. I'm on build 25179.1000 and seem to be barred from upgrading to Build 25182.1010 or 25188.1000. Tried installing from an ISO and got the same result. Considering a full re-install as I'm not sure what else to do at this point..?
Update: I managed to get it working. Problem was that my existing installation of Windows had component corruption. Make sure your system passes a SFC /scannow and DISM health scan without errors or updating to a new build could fail for the same reason