How to troubleshoot “SQL Server is terminating because of fatal exception c06d007e”
Published Jun 11 2020 08:28 PM 9,915 Views

Case 1, with Dump generated

Issue definition:


Customer have SQL 2008/2012/2014 running on the same server, and then applied the SP4 for SQL Server 2012 in Windows update. But after this customer saw some issue from application side, then you rollback the update.
And then Customer applied the SP3 for SQL Server 2012, but after that the SQL Server service can’t startup with following message and dump generated. Customer also tried to repair SQL Server many times, it doesn’t work.
2018-02-22 18:31:43.52 Server      Error: 17311, Severity: 16, State: 1.
2018-02-22 18:31:43.52 Server      SQL Server is terminating because of fatal exception c06d007e. This error may be caused by an unhandled Win32 or C++ exception, or by an access violation encountered during exception handling. Check the SQL error log for any related stack dumps or messages. This exception forces SQL Server to shutdown. To recover from this error, restart the server (unless SQLAgent is configured to auto restart).
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      Using 'dbghelp.dll' version '4.0.5'
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      **Dump thread - spid = 0, EC = 0x0000000000000000
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      ***Stack Dump being sent to E:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\LOG\SQLDump0094.txt
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      * *******************************************************************************
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      *
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      * BEGIN STACK DUMP:
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      *   02/22/18 18:31:43 spid 11352
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      *
2018-02-22 18:31:43.53 Server      * ex_handle_except encountered exception C06D007E - Server terminating


Issue analysis and troubleshooting thinking


  • In the live meeting with customer, we first checking the setup log. And we saw that the SP4 has been applied, but after a while there is another setup folder generated reporting the failed error message:
Exception type: Microsoft.SqlServer.Chainer.Infrastructure.ChainerInvalidOperationException
        The NT service 'SQLSERVERAGENT' could not be started.
    HResult : 0x84b20001
        FacilityCode : 1202 (4b2)
        ErrorCode : 1 (0001)
      HelpLink.EvtType = 0xAE7B8BF3@0xF762992B@1202@1
      DisableWatson = true
        at Microsoft.SqlServer.Configuration.SetupExtension.RunPatchAllInstanceAction.RestoreServiceStates()
        at Microsoft.SqlServer.Configuration.SetupExtension.RunPatchAllInstanceAction.ExecuteAction(String actionId)
        at Microsoft.SqlServer.Chainer.Infrastructure.Action.Execute(String actionId, TextWriter errorStream)
        at Microsoft.SqlServer.Setup.Chainer.Workflow.ActionInvocation.ExecuteActionHelper(TextWriter statusStream, ISequencedAction actionToRun, ServiceContainer context)
  • Then we get the dump file from customer and performed a detailed analysis . This callstack seems that we have issue while Initialize Server Components(InitServerComponents), and then we get the detailed component name “SqlServerSpatial110.dll”


# Child-SP RetAddr Call Site
00 00000000`01bf9cf8 000007fe`fd3810ac ntdll!ZwWaitForSingleObject+0xa
01 00000000`01bf9d00 00000000`ff6af3ee KERNELBASE!WaitForSingleObjectEx+0x79
02 00000000`01bf9da0 00000000`ff6af874 sqlservr!CDmpDump::DumpInternal+0x20e
03 00000000`01bf9e40 00000000`ff6af919 sqlservr!CDmpDump::DumpFilter+0x64
04 00000000`01bf9f10 00000000`74d712e3 sqlservr!`CDmpDump::Dump'::`1'::filt$0+0x19
05 00000000`01bf9f40 00000000`7769bf9d msvcr100!__C_specific_handler+0x97
06 00000000`01bf9fb0 00000000`776704ca ntdll!RtlpExecuteHandlerForException+0xd
07 00000000`01bf9fe0 00000000`77673c1f ntdll!RtlDispatchException+0x45a
08 00000000`01bfa6c0 000007fe`fd39a06d ntdll!RtlRaiseException+0x22f
09 00000000`01bfb070 00000000`ff6af8ec KERNELBASE!RaiseException+0x39
0a 00000000`01bfb140 000007fe`cd6bd4c4 sqlservr!CDmpDump::Dump+0x4c
0b 00000000`01bfb180 000007fe`cd6bdf06 sqllang!SQLDumperLibraryInvoke+0x2e4
0c 00000000`01bfb420 000007fe`cd684b6b sqllang!CImageHelper::DoMiniDump+0x426
0d 00000000`01bfb610 000007fe`cd683f6a sqllang!stackTrace+0xbdb
0e 00000000`01bfd050 000007fe`e0312a75 sqllang!stackTraceCallBack+0xca
0f 00000000`01bfd090 00000000`775abc20 sqldk!ex_handle_except+0x125
10 00000000`01bfd2e0 00000000`776a9035 kernel32!UnhandledExceptionFilter+0x160
11 00000000`01bfd3c0 00000000`77687398 ntdll!RtlUserThreadStart$filt$0+0x45
12 00000000`01bfd3f0 00000000`7769bf9d ntdll!__C_specific_handler+0x8c
13 00000000`01bfd460 00000000`776704ca ntdll!RtlpExecuteHandlerForException+0xd
14 00000000`01bfd490 00000000`77673c1f ntdll!RtlDispatchException+0x45a
15 00000000`01bfdb70 000007fe`fd39a06d ntdll!RtlRaiseException+0x22f
16 00000000`01bfe520 000007fe`ccb7bc0b KERNELBASE!RaiseException+0x39
17 00000000`01bfe5f0 000007fe`cdb8e40f sqllang!__delayLoadHelper2+0x199
18 00000000`01bfe6a0 000007fe`cdb49a75 sqllang!_tailMerge_SqlServerSpatial110_dll+0x3f
19 (Inline Function) --------`-------- sqllang!InitializeSpatialNativeImpl+0x26
1a 00000000`01bfe710 00000000`ff69af2a sqllang!SQLLangInitComponents+0x275
1b 00000000`01bfe770 00000000`ff69c094 sqlservr!InitServerComponents+0x8a
1c 00000000`01bfe7d0 00000000`ff693c48 sqlservr!sqlservr_main+0x3b4
1d 00000000`01bfea20 000007fe`fe32a82d sqlservr!sqlservr_main_thread+0x178
1e 00000000`01bffd30 00000000`775259cd sechost!ScSvcctrlThreadA+0x25
1f 00000000`01bffd60 00000000`7768383d kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xd
20 00000000`01bffd90 00000000`00000000 ntdll!RtlUserThreadStart+0x1d

Looked at the DLL being loaded

szDll            : 0x7fecdeef9c0 : "SqlServerSpatial110.dll" [Type: char *]
  • Then we checked the SqlServerSpatial110.dll both in C:\Windows\System32 and C:\Windows\SystemWOW64.










  • And then we checked this SqlServerSpatial110.dll properties in another working server as below. Then we got the root cause that the current server SqlServerSpatial110.dll original filename is SqlServerSpatial120.dll(it is SQL 2014). But in this case, somehow is has been changed, but we don’t know why, we only get to the result.  



  • Then we tried to copy the correct one from another server to current server(system32 and systemWOW64 respectively). But this doesn’t work. After we restart the SQL Server it failed again, with same error.
  • Then we come up with another solution, we can rename the current SqlServerSpatial110.dll to SqlServerSpatial110.dll.old and then launch the repair again. This worked.
  • After repairing, we can see the new SqlServerSpatial110.dll has been created automatically with correct SP3 version(same with the current SQL Server version)







Root cause:


Somehow, SqlServerSpatial110.dll has been changed.




  1. Rename the SqlServerSpatial110.dll under C:\Windows\System32 and C:\Windows\SystemWOW64
  2. Launch the repair for SQL Server 2012. This resolved this issue successfully.


Case 2, there is no dump generated

Issue definition:


After you patch the SQL Server 2016, 9 instances failed to start due to the following error.
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      Error: 17311, Severity: 16, State: 1.
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      SQL Server is terminating because of fatal exception c06d007e. This error may be caused by an unhandled Win32 or C++ exception, or by an access violation encountered during exception handling. Check the SQL error log for any related stack dumps or messages. This exception forces SQL Server to shutdown. To recover from this error, restart the server (unless SQLAgent is configured to auto restart).
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      Using 'dbghelp.dll' version '4.0.5'
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      **Dump thread - spid = 0, EC = 0x0000000000000000
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      * *******************************************************************************
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      *
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      * BEGIN STACK DUMP:
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      *   02/22/20 18:43:17 spid 8832
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      *
2020-02-22 18:43:17.14 Server      * ex_handle_except encountered exception C06D007E - Server terminating
2020-02-22 18:43:17.22 Server      Stack Signature for the dump is 0x00000001A124A749
2020-02-22 18:43:17.22 Server      Unable to create dump because SQLDUMPER library is not available.
2020-02-22 18:43:17.22 Server      SQL Server shutdown has been initiated


Issue analysis:


  • Based on the log, this issue should happened when loading some DLL.
  • But as there no dump generated due to Unable to create dump because SQLDUMPER library is not available(from the following analysis, we can also see that dbgheko.dll not loaded yet).
  • So we captured a process monitor, and then analyze the process monitor log.
  • From the process monitor log, we can’t get the callstack which can help us to identify the DLL.



  • So we are not able to find the DLL from the callstack, but we can compare the DLL which has already been loaded with a working server, and find out all the non-loaded DLL, and maybe we can find more clue.
  • Compared the working server loaded DLL and this problematic server. All the yellow-mark DLL are non-loaded DLL in the problematic SQL.
Working Server:
SQLNCLIRDAR11.RLL              0x18261ee0000                      0x38000                        c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\140\Shared\1033\SQLNCLIRDAR11.RLL                     Microsoft Corporation                        2011.0110.5069.066 ((SQL11_OLEDB_AAD).160321-0812 ) 3/21/2016 11:56:15 PM
instapi140.dll  0x7ffc21c80000                      0x13000          c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\140\Shared\instapi140.dll          Microsoft Corporation                        2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)  9/14/2019 6:36:59 AM
sqlnclirda11.dll                       0x59e10000    0x359000        c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\140\Shared\sqlnclirda11.dll       Microsoft Corporation                        2011.0110.5069.066 ((SQL11_OLEDB_AAD).160321-0812 ) 3/21/2016 11:57:40 PM
BatchParser.dll                       0x7ffbf7990000                       0x2c000                        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\BatchParser.dll                    Microsoft Corporation     2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)  9/14/2019 6:36:47 AM
dbghelp.dll      0x59c70000     0x196000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\dbghelp.dll  Microsoft Corporation                        6.12.0002.633 (debuggers(dbg).100201-1211)                      2/2/2010 4:15:44 AM
ftimport.dll      0x60000000    0x25000          c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\ftimport.dll  Microsoft Corporation                        12.0.7031.9999                       11/1/2006 12:27:20 PM
hkcompile.dll  0x7ffbf86f0000                       0x162000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\hkcompile.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:47:36 AM
hkengine.dll    0x7ffbf7fe0000                       0x70b000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\hkengine.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:51:33 AM
hkruntime.dll  0x7ffbf8860000                       0x2d1000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\hkruntime.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:52:55 AM
MSFTE.DLL      0x49980000    0x3ae000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\MSFTE.DLL  Microsoft Corporation                        12.0.6828.0     8/28/2006 7:15:55 PM
opends60.dll    0x7ffbf8cb0000                       0x9000            C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\opends60.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:36:08 AM
qds.dll              0x7ffbf8b80000                       0x12e000        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\qds.dll Microsoft Corporation     2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)  9/14/2019 9:38:39 AM
sqlevn70.rll     0x17cc64a0000                       0x310000        c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\Resources\1033\sqlevn70.rll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:36:13 AM
xplog70.RLL     0x183ea3d0000                      0x4000            C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\Resources\1033\xplog70.RLL                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.1000.169 ((SQLServer).170822-2340)    8/23/2017 7:50:34 AM
xpstar.rll          0x183e93a0000                      0xd000            c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\Resources\1033\xpstar.rll  Microsoft Corporation     2017.0140.1000.169 ((SQLServer).170822-2340)                  8/23/2017 7:50:29 AM
secforwarder.dll                     0x7ffbf8b40000                       0xa000                        C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\secforwarder.dll                  Microsoft Corporation     2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)  9/14/2019 6:45:38 AM
SqlAccess.dll    0x7ffbf7f60000                       0x75000          C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\SqlAccess.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:37:39 AM
sqldk.dll           0x7ffbf8cc0000                       0x4fc000         C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\sqldk.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 9:35:28 AM
sqllang.dll        0x7ffbf9af0000                       0x2782000      C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\sqllang.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 9:44:02 AM
sqlmin.dll        0x7ffbfc280000                       0x31fe000       C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\sqlmin.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 9:38:05 AM
SQLOS.dll        0x7ffbff480000                       0x7000            C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\SQLOS.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:45:34 AM
SQLSCM.dll     0x7ffbf7e30000                       0x13000          C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\SQLSCM.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:40:48 AM
sqlservr.exe     0x7ff7869e0000                      0x7f000           C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\sqlservr.exe                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 9:35:24 AM
sqlTsEs.dll        0x7ffbf91c0000                       0x92f000         C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\sqlTsEs.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 9:35:33 AM
svl.dll               0x7ffbf8b50000                       0x2e000          C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\svl.dll   Microsoft Corporation     2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)  9/14/2019 6:57:13 AM
xplog70.dll      0x7ffc2ea50000                      0x14000          c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\xplog70.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:55:14 AM
xpsqlbot.dll      0x7ffbf7cd0000                       0x8000            C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\xpsqlbot.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:38:05 AM
xpstar.dll         0x7ffbf7c60000                       0x6e000          c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Binn\xpstar.dll                        Microsoft Corporation            2017.0140.3238.01 ((SQLServer2017-CU14).190913-2228)               9/14/2019 6:47:53 AM


Non_working Server
HKRUNTIME.DLL                     0x7fffea270000                       0x2d0000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\HKRUNTIME.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
OPENDS60.DLL                        0x7ffffe550000                       0x9000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\OPENDS60.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
QDS.DLL          0x7fffeac80000                       0xdc000         \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\QDS.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLEVN70.RLL 0x7fffe5180000                       0x2f0000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\RESOURCES\1033\SQLEVN70.RLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLBOOT.DLL 0x7fffeb230000                       0x2e000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLBOOT.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLDK.DLL      0x7fffe97b0000                       0x4c8000     \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLDK.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLLANG.DLL  0x7fffddf90000                       0x25c7000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLLANG.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLMIN.DLL    0x7fffe0560000                       0x24fa000  \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLMIN.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLOS.DLL      0x7fffff390000                        0x7000     \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLOS.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLSERVR.EXE 0x7ff7c29d0000                      0x68000 \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLSERVR.EXE                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
SQLTSES.DLL   0x7fffe5470000                       0x88b000  \Device\CSVVolume137\MSSQL13.KCOM1S130EDAM01\MSSQL\BINN\SQLTSES.DLL                                                                        1/1/1970 8:00:00 AM
  1. We can see HKRUNTIME already loaded in our problematic SQL, so the next most possible DLL should be the HKEngine.dll HKCompile.dll.
  2. Then check them in your environment, they do have some problem in those DLLs, for example the size/the modified date.
  3. Then we rename those DLL, for example HKEngine.dll.Old, and then run repair SQL Server, and after that we confirmed 1 instance start successfully.




HKEngine.dll HKCompile.dll has some problem when SQL Server trying to load them.

So rename them and then run SQL Repair, and new DLL will be generated, then SQL Server start successfully.

Version history
Last update:
‎Jun 16 2020 11:52 AM
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