Protecting Magento e-commerce platform in AKS against disasters with Astra Control Service

Published Apr 20 2022 11:10 AM 1,709 Views

 

Abstract

Introduction

Scenario

Deploying Magento

Protecting Magento with Astra Control Service

Custom execution hooks for ElasticSearch and Magento

Simulating disaster and recover the application to another cluster

Disaster recovery simulation

Summary

Resources

 

Abstract

In this article, we describe how to protect a multi-tier application with multiple components (like Magento, now Adobe Commerce ) on Azure Kubernetes Service against disasters like the complete loss of a region with NetApp® Astra™ Control Service. We demonstrate how the use of pre-snapshot execution hooks in Astra Control Service enables us to create application-consistent snapshots and backups across all application tiers and recover the application to a different region in case of a disaster.

 

Co-authors: Patric Uebele, Sayan Saha

 

Introduction

NetApp® Astra™ Control is a solution that makes it easier to manage, protect, and move data-rich Kubernetes workloads within and across public clouds and on-premises. Astra Control provides persistent container storage that leverages NetApp’s proven and expansive storage portfolio in the public cloud and on premises, supporting Azure managed disks as storage backend options as well.

 

Astra Control also offers a rich set of application-aware data management functionality (like snapshot and restore, backup and restore, activity logs, and active cloning) for local data protection, disaster recovery, data audit, and mobility use cases for your modern apps. Astra Control provides complete protection of stateful Kubernetes applications by saving both data and metadata, like deployments, config maps, services, secrets, that constitute an application in Kubernetes. Astra Control can be managed via its user interface, accessed by any web browser, or via its powerful REST API.

 

For a set of validated applications (MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, and Jenkins), Astra Control already includes the necessary hooks to guarantee application consistent snapshots and backups. For other applications, Astra Control allows us to add custom hooks to be executed before and after taking snapshots of applications managed by Astra Control. With Owner, Admin, or Member roles in Astra Control, we can define custom execution hooks for non-validated applications to guarantee consistent snapshots. Templates for execution hook scripts can be found in the Astra Control documentation.

 

Astra Control has two variants:

 

  1. Astra Control Service (ACS) – A fully managed application-aware data management service that supports Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS), Azure Disk Storage, and Azure NetApp Files (ANF).
  2. Astra Control Center (ACC) – application-aware data management for on-premises Kubernetes clusters, delivered as a customer-managed Kubernetes application from NetApp.

To showcase Astra Control’s backup and recovery capabilities in AKS, we use Magento, an open-source e-commerce platform written in PHP. Magento consists of a web-based front end, an Elasticsearch instance for search and analysis features, and a MariaDB database that tracks all the shopping inventory and transaction details. Every pod in the application uses persistent volumes to store data: ReadWriteOnce (RWO) volumes backed by Azure Disk for Elasticsearch and MariaDB, a ReadWriteMany (RWX) volume backed by Azure NetApp Files for the web frontend, storing media files like product images.

 

Scenario

In the following, we will demonstrate how custom execution hooks enable us to take consistent snapshots and backups across all the components of Magento. Based on the templates for custom execution hooks in the ACS documentation, we’ll write simple hook scripts for Elasticsearch and Magento, add the scripts as pre- and post-snapshot execution hooks to ACS, and test their functionality in a disaster recovery simulation with a running Magento instance across two AKS clusters in separate regions.

 

Deploying Magento

We deploy Magento on AKS cluster pu-aks-1 in Location eastus. The cluster is managed by our ACS account already, with Azure disk (default) chosen as the default storage class and ACS automatically also installed Astra Trident as storage provisioner for RWX volumes backed by NetApp Azure Files in service level premium (storage class netapp-anf-perf-premium:(

GeertVanTeylingen_0-1649929130568.jpeg

To deploy the Magento application, we use the appropriate helm chart from the Bitnami Helm chart repository, specifying the parameters to use RWX access mode volumes with storage class netapp-anf-perf-premium for the Magento PV:

 

 

 

~ # helm install myshop bitnami/magento --namespace myshop --create-namespace --set persistence.accessMode=ReadWriteMany,persistence.storageClass="netapp-anf-perf-premium"
NAME: myshop
LAST DEPLOYED: Tue Apr  5 09:10:35 2022
NAMESPACE: myshop
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
CHART NAME: magento
CHART VERSION: 19.2.6
APP VERSION: 2.4.3

** Please be patient while the chart is being deployed **###############################################################################
### ERROR: You did not provide an external host in your 'helm install' call ###
###############################################################################

This deployment will be incomplete until you configure Magento with a resolvable
host. To configure Magento with the URL of your service:

1. Get the Magento URL by running:

  NOTE: It may take a few minutes for the LoadBalancer IP to be available.
        Watch the status with: 'kubectl get svc --namespace myshop -w myshop-magento'

  export APP_HOST=$(kubectl get svc --namespace myshop myshop-magento --template "{{ range (index .status.loadBalancer.ingress 0) }}{{ . }}{{ end }}")
  export APP_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-magento -o jsonpath="{.data.magento-password}" | base64 --decode)
  export DATABASE_ROOT_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-root-password}" | base64 --decode)
  export APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-password}" | base64 --decode)

2. Complete your Magento deployment by running:

  helm upgrade --namespace myshop myshop bitnami/magento \
    --set magentoHost=$APP_HOST,magentoPassword=$APP_PASSWORD,mariadb.auth.rootPassword=$DATABASE_ROOT_PASSWORD,mariadb.auth.password=$APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD
~/Tools/NTAP/Labs# export APP_HOST=$(kubectl get svc --namespace myshop myshop-magento --template "{{ range (index .status.loadBalancer.ingress 0) }}{{ . }}{{ end }}")
~/Tools/NTAP/Labs#   export APP_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-magento -o jsonpath="{.data.magento-password}" | base64 --decode)
~/Tools/NTAP/Labs#   export DATABASE_ROOT_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-root-password}" | base64 --decode)
~/Tools/NTAP/Labs#   export APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-password}" | base64 --decode)
 
~# export APP_HOST=$(kubectl get svc --namespace myshop myshop-magento --template "{{ range (index .status.loadBalancer.ingress 0) }}{{ . }}{{ end }}")
~# export APP_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-magento -o jsonpath="{.data.magento-password}" | base64 --decode)
~# export DATABASE_ROOT_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-root-password}" | base64 --decode)
~# export APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-mariadb -o jsonpath="{.data.mariadb-password}" | base64 --decode)

~# helm upgrade myshop bitnami/magento --namespace myshop --create-namespace --set magentoHost=$APP_HOST,magentoPassword=$APP_PASSWORD,mariadb.auth.rootPassword=$DATABASE_ROOT_PASSWORD,mariadb.auth.password=$APP_DATABASE_PASSWORD,persistence.accessMode=ReadWriteMany,persistence.storageClass="netapp-anf-perf-premium"
Release "myshop" has been upgraded. Happy Helming!
NAME: myshop
LAST DEPLOYED: Tue Apr  5 09:13:56 2022
NAMESPACE: myshop
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 2
TEST SUITE: None
NOTES:
CHART NAME: magento
CHART VERSION: 19.2.6
APP VERSION: 2.4.3

** Please be patient while the chart is being deployed **1. Get the Magento URL by running:

  echo "Store URL: http://20.232.249.211:8080/"
  echo "Admin URL: http://20.232.249.211:8080/"

3. Get your Magento login credentials by running:
  echo Username : user
  echo Password : $(kubectl get secret --namespace myshop myshop-magento -o jsonpath="{.data.magento-password}" | base64 --decode)

 

 

 

 

After some minutes, all the pods are up and running and one can connect via the external LoadBalancer IP:

 

 

 

~# kubectl get all,pvc,volumesnapshots -n myshop
NAME                                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only-0   1/1     Running   0          61m
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-data-0                1/1     Running   0          61m
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-master-0              1/1     Running   0          61m
pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-pc9ls             1/1     Running   1          57m
pod/myshop-mariadb-0                           1/1     Running   0          61m

NAME                                             TYPE           CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP      PORT(S)                         AGE
service/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only   ClusterIP      10.0.233.38    <none>           9200/TCP,9300/TCP               61m
service/myshop-elasticsearch-data                ClusterIP      10.0.141.88    <none>           9200/TCP,9300/TCP               61m
service/myshop-elasticsearch-master              ClusterIP      10.0.136.191   <none>           9200/TCP,9300/TCP               61m
service/myshop-magento                           LoadBalancer   10.0.5.97      20.232.249.211   8080:31320/TCP,8443:32098/TCP   61m
service/myshop-mariadb                           ClusterIP      10.0.36.175    <none>           3306/TCP                        61m

NAME                             READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/myshop-magento   1/1     1            1           57m

NAME                                       DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
replicaset.apps/myshop-magento-77f66685f   1         1         1       57m

NAME                                                      READY   AGE
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only   1/1     61m
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-data                1/1     61m
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-master              1/1     61m
statefulset.apps/myshop-mariadb                           1/1     61m

NAME                                                       STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS              AGE
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-elasticsearch-data-0     Bound    pvc-ab0be54b-0c5e-40ae-abca-9ad32522a508   8Gi        RWO            default                   61m
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-elasticsearch-master-0   Bound    pvc-d84835a1-f2c8-4a46-b564-0f4ab83e8706   8Gi        RWO            default                   61m
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-mariadb-0                Bound    pvc-8e9d14ba-5eaf-4544-b3ad-dd0fb35d0d06   8Gi        RWO            default                   61m
persistentvolumeclaim/myshop-magento-magento               Bound    pvc-4dc20b87-dad8-4284-89c7-eff9b7626d3b   100Gi      RWX            netapp-anf-perf-premium   57m

 

 

 

 

For a realistic experience, we install Magento 2 sample data, following the steps here and try connecting to Magento via its external IP address: 

GeertVanTeylingen_1-1649929130602.jpeg

 

Protecting Magento with Astra Control Service

Switching to the ACS UI, we see that the myshop Magento application was discovered by ACS, and we can start managing and protecting it:

GeertVanTeylingen_2-1649929130607.jpeg

 

Looking at the detail of the managed myshop app in ACS, we see that ACS already provides execution hooks for MariaDB, as it’s one of the applications validated with ACS:

GeertVanTeylingen_3-1649929130616.jpeg

 

Custom execution hooks for ElasticSearch and Magento

To ensure that snapshots and backups are application consistent across all the Magento tiers, we add custom execution hooks for ElasticSearch and Magento, quiescing or flushing the caches before taking a snapshot/backup.

 

For ElasticSearch, we use the script below as pre-snapshot hook:

 

 

 

#!/bin/bash

curl -XPOST 'http://localhost:9200/test/_flush?pretty=true'; curl -H'Content-Type: application/json' -XPUT localhost:9200/test/_settings?pretty -d'{"index": {"blocks.read_only": true} }'

exit 0

 

 

 

 

and as post-snapshot hook:

 

 

 

#!/bin/bash

curl -XPOST 'http://localhost:9200/test/_flush?pretty=true'; curl -H'Content-Type: application/json' -XPUT localhost:9200/test/_settings?pretty -d'{"index": {"blocks.read_only": false} }'

exit 0

 

 

 

 

For Magento, flushing its cache before taking a snapshot should be sufficient, so we want to add this script as pre-snapshot hook:

 

 

 

#!/bin/bash

/opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /bitnami/magento/bin/magento cache:clean

exit 0

 

 

 

 

To add the above custom execution hooks to ACS, we follow the ACS documentation and the steps in this blog post.

 

Now execution hooks for all Magento components are in place:

GeertVanTeylingen_4-1649929130626.jpeg

 

And we can start a backup to test proper execution of the hooks:

GeertVanTeylingen_5-1649929130644.jpeg

 

In the Activity log, we can confirm that all the pre-snapshot hooks are executed before the snapshot process starts:

GeertVanTeylingen_6-1649929130654.jpeg

 

Followed by the post-snapshot hooks, which are executed before the backup process begins, moving the data from the snapshots to the object storage bucket:

GeertVanTeylingen_7-1649929130657.jpeg

 

We can also check for the details of each hook execution like container/image, and duration:

GeertVanTeylingen_8-1649929130663.jpeg

 

Simulating disaster and recover the application to another cluster

In the next step, we want to test the recovery of the Magento e-commerce platform after a simulated disaster.

Let’s first start some activity on our sample shopping platform by creating a user account:

GeertVanTeylingen_9-1649929130671.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_10-1649929130682.jpeg

 

And add some items to the user’s shopping basket and wish list:

GeertVanTeylingen_11-1649929130686.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_12-1649929130693.jpeg

 

After doing the above updates on the shopping platform, we create a snapshot of the myshop application (with all the execution hooks still enabled):

GeertVanTeylingen_13-1649929130701.jpeg

 

And take a backup from this snapshot:GeertVanTeylingen_14-1649929130708.jpeg

 

 The backup myshop-backup-20220405131329 contains the most recent updates to the shopping platform now:

GeertVanTeylingen_15-1649929130713.jpeg

 

Disaster recovery simulation

To simulate the complete loss of the cluster pu-aks-1 hosting the myshop application, we delete the cluster from the Azure console.

 

ACS detects that both the application and the cluster are not reachable anymore:

GeertVanTeylingen_16-1649929130725.jpeg

 

Both the cluster and the application will be put in the state Removed by ACS:

GeertVanTeylingen_17-1649929130728.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_18-1649929130732.jpeg

 

As the backups are stored in object storage and we can add buckets with a very high level of redundancy to Astra Control (see the ACS documentation and this blog post for instructions on how to add additional buckets to Astra Control for storing your backups), the backups will be available even after the loss of a region and we can recover the application in such a scenario from an existing backup:GeertVanTeylingen_19-1649929130739.jpeg

 

To recover the shopping application from our simulated loss of a complete Azure region, we bring up a new AKS cluster pu-aks-dr in the Azure region westeurope and add it to ACS (to reduce Recovery Time Objective (RTO) we can keep an Astra Control managed AKS cluster in westeurope ready to run the restored application):

GeertVanTeylingen_20-1649929130749.jpeg

 

As we explicitly specified the storage class netapp-anf-perf-premium for the Magento PV during installation via the helm chart, we must make sure that the same storage classes are available on our recovery cluster (this is a known limitation in ACS, see here) and set the same default storage class when adding the DR cluster to ACS:

GeertVanTeylingen_21-1649929130766.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_22-1649929130776.jpeg

 

Once the DR cluster pu-aks-dr is managed by ACS and Astra Trident has been installed and configured by ACS (i.e., the storage class netapp-anf-perf-premium backed by Azure NetApp Files is available on the cluster) we can initiate the restore of the myshop application, choosing its recent backup mshop-backup-20220405131329 as restore source:

GeertVanTeylingen_23-1649929130785.jpeg

 

We select pu-aks-dr as the destination cluster and restore into the same namespace myshop in which the original application was deployed:

GeertVanTeylingen_24-1649929130799.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_25-1649929130810.jpeg

 

The restore to pu-aks-dr will start immediately

GeertVanTeylingen_26-1649929130815.jpeg

 

And finish after a few minutes, resulting in a 2nd managed application myshop in Healthy state running on pu-aks-dr:

GeertVanTeylingen_27-1649929130819.jpeg

 

Checking on the command line, we see that all pods of the restored app are ready on cluster pu-aks-dr:

 

 

 

~ # kubectl config get-contexts
CURRENT   NAME            CLUSTER         AUTHINFO                                           NAMESPACE
          pu-aks-1        pu-aks-1        clusterUser_rg-astra-customer-demo_pu-aks-1
*         pu-aks-dr       pu-aks-dr       clusterUser_rg-patricu-westeu_pu-aks-dr
~# kubectl get all,pvc -n myshop
NAME                                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only-0   1/1     Running   0          6m6s
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-data-0                1/1     Running   0          6m10s
pod/myshop-elasticsearch-master-0              1/1     Running   0          6m9s
pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-58c8s             1/1     Running   0          6m8s
pod/myshop-mariadb-0                           1/1     Running   0          6m7s

NAME                                             TYPE           CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP    PORT(S)                         AGE
service/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only   ClusterIP      10.0.32.52     <none>         9200/TCP,9300/TCP               6m8s
service/myshop-elasticsearch-data                ClusterIP      10.0.180.90    <none>         9200/TCP,9300/TCP               6m6s
service/myshop-elasticsearch-master              ClusterIP      10.0.116.11    <none>         9200/TCP,9300/TCP               6m9s
service/myshop-magento                           LoadBalancer   10.0.167.173   20.31.226.13   8080:32063/TCP,8443:32361/TCP   6m7s
service/myshop-mariadb                           ClusterIP      10.0.201.101   <none>         3306/TCP                        6m10s

NAME                             READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/myshop-magento   1/1     1            1           6m8s

NAME                                       DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
replicaset.apps/myshop-magento-77f66685f   1         1         1       6m8s

NAME                                                      READY   AGE
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-coordinating-only   1/1     6m6s
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-data                1/1     6m10s
statefulset.apps/myshop-elasticsearch-master              1/1     6m9s
statefulset.apps/myshop-mariadb                           1/1     6m7s

NAME                                                       STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS              AGE
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-elasticsearch-data-0     Bound    pvc-f228b08f-f1bc-441f-9a08-26142d3be800   8Gi        RWO            default                   16m
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-elasticsearch-master-0   Bound    pvc-f1cb3e9d-5d2d-41dc-b220-cbc420d91c3b   8Gi        RWO            default                   16m
persistentvolumeclaim/data-myshop-mariadb-0                Bound    pvc-fe3a459a-b2ae-48b4-924c-c874dabd42fa   8Gi        RWO            default                   16m
persistentvolumeclaim/myshop-magento-magento               Bound    pvc-92b26ac7-9916-47fd-8562-89e3523d3306   100Gi      RWX            netapp-anf-perf-premium   16m

 

 

 

Nevertheless, there’s one last manual step to do before we can access the shopping platform again. As we can see above, the restored Magento service has, for obvious reasons, a different external IP address from the original installation. Using the helm chart as we did for deployment, the external IP address is stored in Magento’s base URLs (see here, e.g.). Checking the Magento configuration in the restored Magento pod, we see that the base_url parameters still point to the original IP address 20.232.249.211:

 

 

 

~# kubectl exec -n myshop pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-58c8s -- php /bitnami/magento/bin/magento config:show | grep base_url
web/secure/base_url - https://20.232.249.211:8080/
web/unsecure/base_url - http://20.232.249.211:8080/

 

 

 

 

We must update both the secure and unsecure base_url setting with the new external IP address 20.31.226.13 in the Magento pod:

 

 

 

~# kubectl exec -n myshop pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-58c8s -- php /bitnami/magento/bin/magento setup:store-config:set --base-url=http://20.31.226.13:8080/

~# kubectl exec -n myshop pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-58c8s -- php /bitnami/magento/bin/magento setup:store-config:set --base-url-secure=https://20.31.226.13:8080/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

~# kubectl exec -n myshop pod/myshop-magento-77f66685f-58c8s -- php /bitnami/magento/bin/magento config:show | grep base_url
web/secure/base_url - https://20.31.226.13:8080/
web/unsecure/base_url - http://20.31.226.13:8080/

 

 

 

 

Alternatively, we could have installed the primary Magento application on the source cluster with the MagentoHost parameter pointing to a FQDN instead of the LoadBalancer service IP. Then add a static DNS entry to point the FQDN to the LoadBalancer service IP we got assigned with. When restoring Magento to a different cluster, update the DNS entry with the new LoadBalancer IP on the destination cluster.

 

With the base_url parameter set to the new IP address of the restored application, we can connect to the restored sample shop again:

GeertVanTeylingen_28-1649929130832.jpeg

 

and login as the customer we created initially (using the same login credentials):

GeertVanTeylingen_29-1649929130841.jpeg

 

The content of the shopping cart was preserved:

GeertVanTeylingen_30-1649929130856.jpeg

 

as well as the wish list:

GeertVanTeylingen_31-1649929130863.jpeg

 

We can continue the shopping process where we left off, e.g., by adding the wish list content to the shopping cart:

GeertVanTeylingen_32-1649929130872.jpeg

 

GeertVanTeylingen_33-1649929130883.jpeg

 

Summary

In this article we described how we can make Magento (an E-commerce platform) running on AKS using Azure Disk Storage and Azure NetApp Files resilient to disasters, enabling us to provide business continuity for the platform. NetApp® Astra™ Control makes it easy to protect business-critical AKS workloads (stateful and stateless) with just a few clicks. Get started with Astra Control Service today with a free plan.

 

Resources

  1. https://docs.netapp.com/us-en/astra-control-service/index.html
  2. https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/architecture/example-scenario/magento/magento-azure
  3. https://cloud.netapp.com/blog/astra-blg-easily-integrate-protection-into-your-kubernetes-ci/cd-pipel...
  4. https://www.cloudways.com/blog/magento-2-sample-data/
  5. https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/azure-architecture-blog/protecting-mongodb-on-aks-anf-with-as...
  6. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/persistent-volumes/
Version history
Last update:
‎May 04 2022 10:20 PM
Updated by: