If you try to retrieve a value from Azure Key Vault, you may run into this error: “DefaultAzureCredential failed to retrieve a token from the included credentials”.
In order to solve this issue in a local machine:
- Add Active Directory app registration on Azure
- Create access policy for this app registration in Azure Key Vault settings
- Create environment variables for AZURE_CLIENT_ID, AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET, and AZURE_TENANT_ID (Reference)
To find out more about connecting an Azure VM to Key Vault, follow this tutorial. In a nutshell, you need to enable a managed identity for the VM and assign permissions to the identity.