Draw.io Azure infrastructure diagrams through code like an artist
Published Feb 29 2024 11:30 PM 8,809 Views
Iron Contributor



In this article we will see how to create an Azure diagram to reveal all the dependencies between Azure App Services, their Application Insights and finally their workspace-based Log Analytics Workspaces.


The use case consist in:


  1. auditing the current configuration on Azure through a PowerShell script,
  2. export the current infrastructure set up on a CSV Draw.io readable file,
  3. observe a work of art.







To make this piece of art possible you should have a clear idea of the following concept.


  1. Azure resource dependencies: An App Service or Function App can send logs to an Application Insights and Application Insights can send logs to a Log Analytics workspace. This refers to the concept of Workspace-based Application Insights resources.
  2. Draw.io is a free diagram software that permits to insert diagram from specially formatted CSV Data as explained in the following blog.


We can now move on to the next chapter which consists of creating a script that will scan our Infrastructure and write to the CSV in draw.io format.





The following PowerShell script will analyze your App Services configuration based on which ones have these tags and export its results to a local file.



$AzureTagToFilterOn = @{ "env" = "dev" }
$FileForDrawIo = "draw.io.export.txt"



There are 2 main tips on the script you should understand:


  1. The Draw.io “styles” block points out to existing Draw.io shapes, you can print their code by selecting an existing shape, then press Ctrl+E on Windows or Cmd+E on macOS.
  2. You can create multiple connections between your CSV rows with their own properties (labels, line style, etc…).

The complete script:



#region variable
$SubscriptionName = "Your Azure Subscription Name"
$AzureTagToFilterOn = @{ "env" = "dev" }
$FileForDrawIo = "draw.io.export.txt"
$DrawIoExport = @()
$contentToAdd = @"
## Azure Application Insights depedencies.
## Node label with placeholders and HTML.
## Default is '%name_of_first_column%'.
# label: %name%<br><i style="color:gray;">%type%</i><br>
## Shapes and their styles
# stylename: type
# styles: {"application insights": "aspect=fixed;html=1;points=[];align=center;image;fontSize=15;image=img/lib/azure2/management_governance/Application_Insights.svg;",\
# "functionapp": "aspect=fixed;html=1;points=[];align=center;image;fontSize=15;image=img/lib/azure2/iot/Function_Apps.svg;",\
# "log analytics workspaces": "aspect=fixed;html=1;points=[];align=center;image;fontSize=15;image=img/lib/azure2/management_governance/Log_Analytics_Workspaces.svg;",\
# "app": "aspect=fixed;html=1;points=[];align=center;image;fontSize=12;image=img/lib/azure2/app_services/App_Services.svg;"}
## Connections between rows ("from": source colum, "to": target column).
## Label, style and invert are optional. Defaults are '', current style and false.
# connect: {"from": "application_insights", "to": "name", "label": "logs", \
#          "style": "curved=1;endArrow=blockThin;endFill=1;fontSize=11;"}
# connect: {"from": "log_analytics_workspaces", "to": "name", "style": "curved=1;fontSize=11;"}
# ignore: application_insights,log_analytics_workspaces
# layout: verticalflow
## ---- CSV below this line. First line are column names. ----
Set-Content $FileForDrawIo $contentToAdd
Add-Content $FileForDrawIo "name,resource_group,type,application_insights,log_analytics_workspaces"

#region function
Function draw_io_csv {
    Param (
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)][String] $name,
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)][String] $resource_group,
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)][String] $type,
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $false, ValueFromPipeline = $true)][String] $application_insights,
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $false, ValueFromPipeline = $true)][String] $log_analytics_workspaces
    Process {
        $private:tableObj = New-Object PSObject
        $tableObj | Add-Member -Name name -MemberType  NoteProperty -Value $name
        $tableObj | Add-Member -Name resource_group -MemberType NoteProperty -Value $resource_group
        $tableObj | Add-Member -Name type -MemberType NoteProperty -Value $type
        $tableObj | Add-Member -Name application_insights -MemberType NoteProperty -Value $application_insights
        $tableObj | Add-Member -Name log_analytics_workspaces -MemberType NoteProperty -Value $log_analytics_workspaces
        return $tableObj

#region action
## connectivity
$AzureRmContext = Get-AzSubscription -SubscriptionName $SubscriptionName | Set-AzContext -ErrorAction Stop
Select-AzSubscription -Name $SubscriptionName -Context $AzureRmContext -Force -ErrorAction Stop

## audit
$ResourceGroups = Get-AzResourceGroup -Tag $AzureTagToFilterOn | Select-Object ResourceGroupName
$AllAppInsights = Get-AzResource -ResourceType "microsoft.insights/components" -ExpandProperties

foreach ($ResourceGroup in $ResourceGroups)
    Write-Host "Working on Resource Group Name [$($ResourceGroup.ResourceGroupName)]" -ForegroundColor Cyan
    $WebApps = Get-AzWebApp -ResourceGroupName $ResourceGroup.ResourceGroupName | Select-Object ResourceGroup, Name

    foreach ($WebAppResource in $WebApps)
        Write-Host "Working on Web App [$($WebAppResource.Name)]" -ForegroundColor Cyan
        $WebApp = Get-AzWebApp -ResourceGroupName $WebAppResource.ResourceGroup -Name $WebAppResource.Name 
        $AppInsightsInstrumentationKey = $WebApp.SiteConfig.AppSettings.GetEnumerator() | Where-Object {$_.name -eq "APPINSIGHTS_INSTRUMENTATIONKEY"}
        $AppInsightsProperties = $AllAppInsights | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Properties | Select-Object Name, InstrumentationKey, WorkspaceResourceId | Where-Object {$_.InstrumentationKey -eq $AppInsightsInstrumentationKey.Value}
                Write-Host "Export the configuration of the Log Analytics Workspace [$($AppInsightsProperties.WorkspaceResourceId.split("/")[-1])] connected to the App [$($WebAppResource.Name)]"
                $LogAnalyticsWorkspacesName = $AppInsightsProperties.WorkspaceResourceId.split("/")[-1]
                $DrawIoExport += draw_io_csv    -name $AppInsightsProperties.WorkspaceResourceId.split("/")[-1]             `
                                                -resource_group $AppInsightsProperties.WorkspaceResourceId.split("/")[-5]   `
                                                -type "log analytics workspaces"                                            `
                                                -application_insights ""                                                    `
                                                -log_analytics_workspaces ""
                $LogAnalyticsWorkspacesName = ""

            $AppInsightsId = $($AllAppInsights | Where-Object {$_.Name -like $AppInsightsProperties.Name}).Id
            $AppInsightsName = $($AppInsightsId.Split("/")[-1])

            Write-Host "Export the configuration of the Application Insights [$($AppInsightsId.split("/")[-1])] connected to the App [$($WebAppResource.Name)]"
            $DrawIoExport += draw_io_csv    -name $AppInsightsId.split("/")[-1]                     `
                                            -resource_group $AppInsightsId.split("/")[-5]           `
                                            -type "application insights"                            `
                                            -application_insights ""                                `
                                            -log_analytics_workspaces $LogAnalyticsWorkspacesName
            $AppInsightsName = ""

        Write-Host "Export the configuration of the App [$($WebAppResource.Name)]"
        $DrawIoExport += draw_io_csv    -name $WebApp.Name                                          `
                                        -resource_group $WebApp.ResourceGroup                       `
                                        -type $WebApp.Kind.Split(",")[0]                            `
                                        -application_insights $AppInsightsName                      `
                                        -log_analytics_workspaces ""

#region export
foreach($Line in $DrawIoExport | Select-Object -Unique -Property name, resource_group, type, application_insights, log_analytics_workspaces){
    Add-Content $FileForDrawIo "$($Line.name),$($Line.resource_group),$($Line.type),$($Line.application_insights),$($Line.log_analytics_workspaces)".ToLower()






From Draw.io select Arrange > Insert > Advanced > CSV.






Paste your formatting information and CSV data into the large text field, overwriting the example.





The following screenshot illustrates a diagram generated by the PowerShell script.







We saw in this demo how to draw a script-based Azure App Service oriented diagram. This methodology has no limits and DALL-E knows it, would you defeat it ?


See You in the Cloud


1 Comment
Version history
Last update:
‎Feb 28 2024 11:32 PM
Updated by: