Conditional access policies help organizations improve security and compliance. They are used to fine-tune and customize the authentication of your users in Microsoft 365. Let me explain.
In the simplest terms, it’s a series of if statements. For example, you can create a conditional access policy to require all members of a particular group to use Multi-Factor Authentication to log in to Microsoft 365. “If the user is part of group X then require MFA”.
You can set a lot of different options in conditional access policies. For example, you can create a policy so a certain set of users can only log in from specific IP addresses. “If the user is part of group X and not logging in from IP address 18.104.22.168 then block access”
Read more at https://www.gitbit.org/course/ms-500/learn/Whats-a-conditional-access-policy-V1en9Iugh