Adding a prefix if criteria are met

Occasional Visitor

I need to add a prefix to any 7 digit number in a column containing numeric and alpha-numeric data. 

2 Replies
more details or sample might be needed. Is it ONLY cells with exactly 7 characters or all cells? If not 7 characters then leave the value as is? Is it purely visual or must the value of the cell change. Is it ok to use a helper column?
These questions will help determine what solution will work for you. i.e.:
a) you could use custom formatting to display a prefix (that would be display only)
b) using a helper column you can use a formula like =IF(LEN(A:A)=7,"prefix"&A:A,A:A)
c) if this is an 'ongoing thing' that you will need to keep doing and not use a helper column then you might need/want a macro

@mtarler Yes, we may only make different guesses what the question actually means. My understanding you shall first check if that's the number or text since column contains both and texts also could be 7 characters length.