One of the websites I'm hitting this on is a short URL redirect to an Xbox site: https://xbx.lv/3lYA474 I'm pretty sure this site isn't compromised.
But I can't seem to find any solutions that actually work. Date and time doesn't; disabling VPN doesn't; switching off the revocation checks in inetcpl.cpl and rebooting also doesn't work. Using Edge Legacy or Firefox does work, but doesn't really feel like an appropriate solution to the problem. :) So I would guess this has something to do with Chromium, and possibly that it got into a bad state on my system. Is there any way to reset it? (I already tried edge://settings/reset - no luck.)