“OWA doesn't know anything about expanding recurring meetings and appointments. Instead, it relies on a task which runs in Exchange that expands the recurring items for it. Under certain scenarios, Exchange may not realize that a recurring item has changed and needs expansion again. Sometimes this is because of a bug, sometimes it's because of corrupted data. Sometimes a little of both.
“Anyway, the process for fixing this is called Poof. I think the name stems from the expression "Poof! Be gone!". When a Poof is performed on a calendar, Exchange deletes all of the cached expansions and performs them again.”