The promise of AI and ML - Will it change the world?

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New Contributor

AI is everywhere!

 

From machine learning to deep learning, to reinforcement learning, AI is changing the way we do business as it is revolutionizing the world around us. But how do we prepare for this coming wave of AI-enabled automation?

 

Let’s discuss:

- How should we educate ourselves about AI?

- How should we prepare our careers for AI?

- How do we use AI responsibly and ethically?

- Do the risks of AI outweigh the benefits?

- What will the future of AI look like?

And the main questions: do you feel like AI will change the world?

 

Feel free to share your own questions, ideas, and suggestions in the discussion forum below.

 

Then, RSVP for the Table Talk at Ignite 2020 here: https://myignite.microsoft.com/sessions/8291e4cc-e57c-487f-b690-3f8070bca0e4 Finally, on September 23, turn on your video, unmute yourself, and join @Bruno Capuano , @Veronika , @Matthew Renze , and @ivanatilca for an interactive discussion!

 

13 Replies
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Amazing! @Veronika ! 

We are preparing an amazing table talk... anyone already has an opinion regarding AI and why would it change the world or not? 

Share it with us! 

:smile:

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@Veronika 

- How do we use AI responsibly and ethically?

Don't let if fall on the hands of criminals.

- Do the risks of AI outweigh the benefits?

Currently? Possibly. Criminals are already exploiting it for nefarious purposes.

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@andersonnnunes good questions! 

We were talking yesterday about how criminals are already exploiting this... in fact there are a couple of cases around the news, join us to discuss more about them! Prepare your camera! 

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Do you have any advice on how to prevent AI from falling on the hands of criminals?
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On one front, researchers and developers of AI need to be educated about cyber-security, to prevent espionage. I commend Microsoft's initiatives on this, including for offering Secured-core PCs.

On another front, service providers like Microsoft could accept volunteer tips of abuse. Just like today I can report unsafe URLs on Microsoft's Security Intelligence portal, there should be a way to communicate to Microsoft Cognitive Services that data matching a fingerprint shouldn't be processed for it is likely going to be used irresponsibly. For example, if data generated by the capture of my voice or face are submitted today, it is most certainly not for an ethical endeavor.

I am sorry I won't be able to join you tomorrow on the Table Talk, but thanks for all your hard work.
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@Veronika 

 

- How do we use AI responsibly and ethically?

Firstly, we must ask if this is even currently possible. Assuming it is, our best bet is to understand AI/ML as best we can, especially its limitations and pitfalls. Everything from neural networks to implementation to security and ethics. In other words, education.

 

- Do the risks of AI outweigh the benefits?

Hard to say. Either way, AI/ML will advance whether any individual entity decides to pursue it or not. There are many perceived benefits for AI including automation, communication, handling specific tasks with relative ease, efficiency, safety. However, there are many pitfalls as well including misuse (whether intentional or not), vulnerability, limited scope, potentially damaging effects on human psychology, etc.

 

Let's take as a case study an adversarial attack in object detection/image classification, which aims to fool a neural network...

"An adversarial example is an instance with small, intentional feature perturbations that cause a machine learning model to make a false prediction."

 

In other words, you can apply a minimum perturbation, or noise, to an image, which is also imperceptible to the human eye, to force an image of a dog to classify as an ostrich or to make a STOP sign look like a 45 MPH sign. Or, you can have great fun putting a fancy looking patch or sticker next to an object to have the object classified as a toaster. Brilliant.

See this link for more: https://towardsdatascience.com/lets-fool-a-neural-network-b1cded8c4c07

 

This paper describes adversarial attacks and their defensive counterparts: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S209580991930503X

"The trend of research on adversarial attacks mainly includes two directions. The first direction is to design more efficient and stronger attacks in order to evaluate various emerging defensive systems. The importance of this direction is intuitive, since we expect to understand all the risks ahead of the potential adversaries."

...

"Clearly, compared with attacks, the development of defenses faces more challenges. This is mainly because an attack can only target one category of defenses, but defenses are required to be certificated—that is, effective against all possible attack methods under certain situations."

...

"We have observed that there is still no existing defense mechanism that achieves both efficiency and effectiveness against adversarial samples. The most effective defense mechanism, which is adversarial training, is too computationally expensive for practical deployment, while many efficient heuristic defenses have been demonstrated to be vulnerable to adaptive white-box adversaries."

 

Just some food for thought. Discussed above was just for fooling a neural network. The potentially more damaging aspect of machine learning comes from our own misuse of it. Note that misuse is not limited to a malicious attack, though the weaponization of machine learning is not an encouraging thought.

 

- What will the future of AI look like?

AIs developing AIs while we play in a VR simulation indistinguishable from reality day and night? The Matrix, anyone?

Then again, who's to say this isn't the current reality? Elon Musk would approve.

 

And the main questions: do you feel like AI will change the world?

Trick question. It already has. AI/ML currently affects everything from transportation to workflows to human psychology and even military.

We are currently in some awkward phase with AI. They grow up so fast, ya know?

 

tl;dr AI/ML is great but has some potentially crippling pitfalls

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@omason_dev loved your answer about  What will the future of AI look like?

I totally agree AI plus Mixed reality is the key for understanding the future of technology. But it is also kind of scary did you see this? :flushed:https://www.irishexaminer.com/news/arid-30981332.html 

Question, Do you guys think we can get into psychological problems with this kind of mix? AI + Mixed reality?

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Thank you very much for your reply. Great points!
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"Do you guys think we can get into psychological problems with this kind of mix? AI + Mixed reality?"
There is a science fiction book that tells a story about people getting so hooked on virtual reality generated by artificial intelligence that they stop living functionally on the analogical world. The name is "Unincorporated Man". If you like fiction, look it up.
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Thanks for the amazing insights@omason_dev , I hope we can bring some of this during our session. And, lucky for us, they will be here for references.

Again, thanks !

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@ivanatilca Are you sure that's not a Black Mirror episode? ;)

We are just beginning to open Pandora's Box on AI + Mixed Reality/AR/VR and surrounding ethical and psychological issues. I think the potential is there for both therapeutic benefit and harm, definitely requiring a multi-discipline approach. Practitioners should familiarize themselves with the Hippocratic Oath (that includes implementers and developers of AI tech).

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@Veronika@Bruno Capuano , @Matthew Renze , and @ivanatilca Thanks for the Table Topic today. It was fun to listen to and share on such an impactful topic as artificial intelligence.

 

"Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an “intelligence explosion,” and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. Thus the first ultraintelligent machine is the last invention that man need ever make, provided that the machine is docile enough to tell us how to keep it under control.” - I.J. Good

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Thank you! Glad it was interesting and valuable to you!