How to Manage Microsoft Defender on Windows Server via Intune
Published Jan 12 2023 07:01 AM 8,901 Views
Microsoft

As companies adopt Microsoft Defender, there are certain questions coming from customers in terms of EPP management. These questions are mostly focusing on Microsoft Defender management in Windows Servers. I’d like to touch base on different management options for different customer scenarios.

I have on-premises environment, and I cannot move to cloud

We can use legacy management options such as Active Directory GPOs and Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager (aka. System Center Configuration Manager - SCCM) for sure. However, these tools might not be the best possible solutions that would be agile enough - since these two options wait for a certain amount of time before taking requested actions and it would be hard to RBAC on these tools to satisfy Segregation of Duties requirements.

 

Snippet from Group Policy Object, Microsoft Defender Antivirus PoliciesSnippet from Group Policy Object, Microsoft Defender Antivirus Policies

 

 

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager Console, Antimalware PolicySnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager Console, Antimalware Policy

 

I have on-premises environment and I can extend to cloud

 

For modern client operating systems such as Windows 10 / Windows 11, we have an option to use Microsoft Intune either on a cloud only configuration or on a co-management setup. Cloud only configuration has nothing fancy, you basically create a policy on the cloud and target that policy to the cloud managed devices. However, co-management configuration is where Intune is integrated with Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager. With this integration we can set the endpoint security workload management authority to Intune as shown below:

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Co-Management SetttingsSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Co-Management Setttings

 

 

This change would allow Intune to push endpoint security policies and trigger activities such as AV scanning etc. just like a cloud only scenario while keeping other workloads in Configuration Manager authority allowing security teams to create policies and push them over Intune while infrastructure teams keep doing their job without any interference.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Intune Managed Workloads, AV Management TasksSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Intune Managed Workloads, AV Management Tasks

 

 

How about managing AV on servers?

 

For AV management of Servers, we can use Configuration Manager with two different configuration options. For the customers that are working on-premises only, Configuration Manager can be used together with Group policy objects just like they can be used for client management.

For the customers that are using or planning to use cloud services; another integration between Configuration Manager and Intune is available to simplify management, which can be used to manage Microsoft Defender as well. That configuration is called “Tenant Attach”. Tenant Attach helps to “view” the resources that are managed by Configuration Manager via Intune.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Tenant Attach ConfigurationSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Tenant Attach Configuration

 

 

After configuring tenant-attach, we will start seeing devices that are uploaded to Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center as “Managed by: ConfigMgr”

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, All Devices view, Managed by: Configuration ManagerSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, All Devices view, Managed by: Configuration Manager

 

 

 

When creating an AV policy via Intune, there is now an option for devices being managed by Configuration Manager.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Creating AV Policies via ConfigMgrSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Creating AV Policies via ConfigMgr

 

 

 

To be able to do that, we will need to have collections that we would target AV policies synced to Intune. Let’s look at how it is done.

First, we need to decide which collection memberships will be sync to Intune. Since I will be using this feature for on-prem managed servers only, I am doing a search on my server collections. This is possible for on-prem managed clients as well.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Device Collection SearchSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Device Collection Search

 

 

 

I see that I have 4 collections that have the word “server” in it. But I want to sync only 3 of them: All Servers, Application Server and Domain Controller Servers.

Use case example: I want to deploy a policy to all servers, and different exclusions for application servers and domain controllers. 

Let’s click on properties of every collection we want to Sync to Intune service, and check “Make this collection available to assign Endpoint security policies from Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center” checkbox that is available in Cloud Sync tab.

 

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Collection PropertiesSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Collection Properties

 

 

 

Then, let’s create an AV policy to target those devices:

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Creating AV Policy via ConfigMgrSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Creating AV Policy via ConfigMgr

 

 

 

I will not go deep on details of AV configuration, however when we move forward to assignment page in Intune, we are able to see the collections that are available to assign Endpoint security policies from Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center. We can deploy the AV policy to these collections.

 

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Assigning AV Policies to CollectionsSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Assigning AV Policies to Collections

 

 

 

After creating the policy and exclusions as necessary, we will be able to see the policies on intune console, with the platform information and target. Note that target of these policies are listed as “ConfigManager” while other policies are targeted to “mdm,microsoftSense”.

 

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Endpoint Security Node, Applied AV Policies to Different TargetsSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Manager Admin Center, Endpoint Security Node, Applied AV Policies to Different Targets

 

 

 

Those targeted policies can be seen under the “deployments” tab of respective collections.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Deployments for All Servers CollectionSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Deployments for All Servers Collection

 

 

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Deployments for Domain Controller Servers CollectionSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Deployments for Domain Controller Servers Collection

 

 

 

Note that the policies that are affecting an endpoint can be seen on the properties of the endpoint as well. You may see the policy deployment details on Configuration Manager collections and all the policies targeted to the endpoint in the snippet.

 

Snippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Properties of a ConfigMgr Client, Deployments tabSnippet from Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, Properties of a ConfigMgr Client, Deployments tab

 

 

 

Wrap Up

 

It is possible to use Intune as a single management plane for managing Microsoft Defender Antivirus even in Windows Servers. Managing AV in the servers may require additional integration and configuration between Intune and Configuration Manager, but the results worth the effort. 

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‎Jan 12 2023 07:03 AM
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