The short answer: No, there is no supported Windows 10 Desktop version that will run on 10GB Storage. Windows 10 IoT Core can run on 2GB storage, but I doubt that is what you are looking for.
The long answer:
For Tablets and 2in1's you need Windows 10 Desktop Edition (doesn't matter if it's Home, Pro or Enterprise). S-Mode installation can help as it keeps the system clean and in optimal condition over longer periods of time.
The minimum specs for Windows 10 Desktop Editions (version 1903) is the following:
CPU: 1 GHz or faster processor or SoC that supports PAE, NX and SSE2.
RAM-Minimum: 1 GB for 32-bit OS, 2 GB for 64-bit OS
RAM-Recommended: 2 GB for 32-bit OS, 4 GB for 64-bit OS
RAM-Optimum: 3+ GB for 32-bit OS, 6+ GB for 64-bit OS
That being said, you can diverge from those specifications if you really want to, but you have to live with poor performance or update/upgrade problems in the future.
The absolute minimum to get an original Windows 10 32-bit working in any way is still around 384 MB RAM and 14 GB Storage. But you have to know exactly what you are doing to get this configuration running (and this configuration is not supported by Microsoft).