Microsoft recommends enterprise customers include validation as a part of their Office 365 ProPlus deployment processes. Microsoft provides “channels” which control the rate of change in terms of features and quality fixes. For most customer deployments this means a minimum of two channels such as Semi-Annual Channel and Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted). Many IT Pros broadly deploy a single channel (usually Semi-Annual Channel) and leverage group policy to assign validation computers to faster channel such as Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted). In this way, IT Pros can preview what’s coming four months prior to production release.
The goal of the blog is to provide clarification around the mechanics on how Office 365 ProPlus processes channel change requests.
To read more about Channels please see Overview of update channels for Office 365 ProPlus
Ideally, minimizing the number of Office 365 ProPlus packages reduces overall cost of ownership. Therefore, the next step is to develop a process where machines receive standard package placing them on Semi-Annual Channel but dynamically move validation machines to faster channel such as Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted).
Step 1: Deploy your standard Office 365 ProPlus package based on Semi-Annual Channel
Step 2: Assign GPO to validation machine(s) or add policy registry key specifying Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)
Using Office ADMX files, use Update Channel GPO to set Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)
* Group Policy refreshes in the background every 90 minutes by default. Use gpupdate /force to expedite. Alternatively, add registry key manually to policy key
Step 3: Allow Microsoft\Office\Office Automatic Updates 2.0 scheduled task to run
Group Policy will set registry keys, that’s all. Office 365 ProPlus uniquely leverages a scheduled task named Office Automatic Updates to maintain product configuration including channel management. The name itself “Automatic Updates” can cause confusion for IT Pros in enterprise environments where System Center Configuration (SCCM) is used to deploy updates. When OfficeMgmtCom (COM) is enabled, updates will be delivered only from SCCM. The Office Automatic Updates scheduled task will fire based on default set of triggers, regardless if COM is enabled or not, or by manually running task you can compress time frame to validate change.
See 2:00 in Managing Office with SCCM (2019) video for more information, applicable for CDN update workflow.
CDNBaseUrl represents the channel where product was installed. If no channel was defined in unattend, Semi-Annual Channel is default selection.
(formerly Current Channel):
CDNBaseUrl = http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/492350f6-3a01-4f97-b9c0-c7c6ddf67d60
(formerly Deferred Channel):
CDNBaseUrl = http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/7ffbc6bf-bc32-4f92-8982-f9dd17fd3114
Monthly Channel (Targeted)
(formerly First Release for Current Channel):
CDNBaseUrl = http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/64256afe-f5d9-4f86-8936-8840a6a4f5be
Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)
(formerly First Release for Deferred Channel):
CDNBaseUrl = http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/b8f9b850-328d-4355-9145-c59439a0c4cf
UpdateChannel: This is the channel configuration “winner”. This is dynamically managed by the Automatic Updates scheduled task and should not be edited directly.
In our example where we are using GPO to move Office 365 ProPlus to Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), Office Automatic Updates scheduled task will discover policy key and then will flip UpdateChannel to new value, in this case from http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/7ffbc6bf-bc32-4f92-8982-f9dd17fd3114 (SAC) to http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/b8f9b850-328d-4355-9145-c59439a0c4cf (SAC-T). Additionally, UpdateChannelChanged will be set to True. Upon next successful Office 365 Client update, UpdateChannelChanged will reset to False. The product can only accept one channel change request at a time with successful update as a prerequisite prior to accepting another change.
If you have completed steps above and channel change is still not being reflected, you may be blocked by temporary “Discovery Period.” Generally, updates will not happen within the Discovery Period which can last up to 24 hours after initial installation. IT Pros may encounter this scenario during compressed time validation in lab scenarios.
After UpdateChannel has successfully changed, Office 365 Clients pointing to CDN will download latest build from faster channel. Office 365 Clients which have COM enabled for SCCM integration will download newer build next time Software Updates Deployment Evaluation cycle runs based on configuration of Software Deployment within SCCM. IT Pros can expedite testing channel migration by deploying desired build to validation collection (should be a build from Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), use the Configuration Manager applet from control panel to perform Machine Policy Retrieval followed by Software Updates Deployment Evaluation Cycle.
Slower -> Faster (Example: Semi-Annual Channel to Semi-Annual Channel Targeted)
Faster -> Slower (Example: SAC-T to SAC)
*Since we can’t do binary delta compression (BDC) the download will be larger. As a result, network considerations should be considered when downgrading from CDN.
Some IT Pros may ask, “Hey, I thought there was a command line to change channel?” The only supported method to change channel assignment is by using Group Policy, changing CDNBaseURL directly (requires Office Automatic Updates 2.0 task to run in order to complete change) or re-running Office Deployment Tool (ODT). If you disable Office Automatic Updates, no automatic channel management will occur. If you would like to see a command line capability please help us by upvoting UserVoice item.
How does channel management work when Office 2019 is installed and GPO "Upgrade Office 2019 to Office 365 ProPlus" is enabled?
Some customers may have a need to have one factory image of Windows which includes Office 2019 and later upgrade a subset of machines to Office 365 ProPlus. The steps outlined above still apply in terms of mechanics and how channel chnages are processed. The only difference is Office 2019 will initially have CDNBaseURL and UpdateChannel will reflect http://officecdn.microsoft.com/pr/f2e724c1-748f-4b47-8fb8-8e0d210e9208. First, the GPO above will set policy key. Second, The Office Automatic Updates 2.0 scheduled task will flip the UpdateChannel to Semi-Annual Channel (3114) by default and dynamically convert the product to Semi-Annual Channel. In short, Office 2019 is just an older version of Office 365 ProPlus, so differences in content between the two products will download from CDN or from SCCM Distribution Point depending on your configuration. (Size will be significant for one-time conversion). For CDN, this process is automatic. For SCCM, IT Pro only needs to deploy latest Semi-Annual Channel build software update to collection, just like any monthly "Patch Tuesday" process. SCCM will find build applicable and upgrade like any other Office update. Licensing\Activation will switch from volume activation (KMS) to subscription based (Office Licensing Service).
Why does this guidance differ from SCCM page Change the update channel after you enable Office 365 clients to receive updates from Configuration ...?
Microsoft recommends customers leverage Group Policy to change Office 365 ProPlus channels because its easier for IT Pros. Group Policy sets registry key under policy hive and Office Automatic Updates scheduled task to processes channel change. The link above references CDNBaseURL. Notice from the list below this is the 4th item evaluated for priority by the scheduled task. As a result, if the first three priorities listed are not configured and CDNBaseURL doesn't match UpdateChannel, scheduled task will align them resulting in channel change. This blog posting leads with Group Policy where link above requires a direct registry change through Group Policy Preferences or Compliance Item in SCCM.
1st Priority : GPO "UpdatePath" - HKLM\software\policies\microsoft\office\16.0\common\officeupdate!updatepath
2nd Priority : GPO "UpdateChannel" - HKLM\software\policies\microsoft\office\16.0\common\officeupdate!updatebranch
3rd Priority : "UpdateURL" or UpdatePath="\\Server\Share" HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office\ClickToRun\Configuration
4th Priority : CDNBaseURL - HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Office\ClickToRun\Configuration\CDNBaseUrl
I hope this blog post helps provide additional context for how Office ProPlus Channel Management works "under the hood".
This blog post is brought to you by Dave Guenthner, a Senior Premier Field Engineer and “ProPlus Ranger” at Microsoft. Feel free to share your questions and feedback in the comments below.
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