If you just want quick access to the Page Layout button, it should be available on the bottom right of your workbook next to the zoom icon on the green strip. There should be 3 icons down there: normal, page layout, page break. If it's not there, right click on the green strip to customize the status bar and make sure "View Shortcuts" is checked.
I hope this helps you accomplish what you're wanting to do!
Thank you for the clarification. That is not a feature I use, but I searched for a solution and was unable to find a way to set that view as the default. There may be a way to do that, but not one I know of. Sorry I was unable to solve your request. Hopefully someone else will be able to.